Bmgt484- Lecture Outlines

Bmgt484- Lecture Outlines -...

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“The Long Tail” – a large number of products with low sales volume can collectively make up a  sizable market Internet: an interconnected network of thousands of networks and millions of computers  (referred to as hosts) WWW is one of the internet’s most popular services, providing access to over 8 billion  webpages How the internet was created: - Innovation phase (1961-1974) o Military funding o Original purpose of internet was linking large mainframe computers on  different college campuses o DOD contributed $1 million to develop it into a robust military communication  system that could withstand nuclear war- created ARPAnet o Ray Tomlinson- email inventor- sent the first email in 191 - Institutional Phase (1975-1995) o First personal (home) computers by Altair, Apple and IBM o In 1986, NSF assumed responsibility for development of civilian internet o Internet was primarily used for universities, government  and libraries - Commercialization Phase (1995-present) o 1995 was the year the first fully commercial civilian internet was born o Network solutions was given a monopoly to assign internet addresses o 1998- Governance over domain names and addresses passed to private  nonprofit international organizational (ICANN) - Sir Tim Berners-Lee o Invented WWW URL = Uniform Resource Locator HTTP= hypertext transfer protocol HTML= Hypertext markup language Domain name is the IP address expressed in natural language  (ex.  www.rhsmith.umd.edu ) IP address is: 129.2.112.14
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URL is the address used by a web browser to identify the location of content on the Web Web browsers: - In 1993, Marc Andreesen and Eric Bina created the first graphical Web browser 
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course BMGT 484 taught by Professor Trusov during the Fall '09 term at Maryland.

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Bmgt484- Lecture Outlines -...

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