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Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - Brett Carmen Comm 107 Study Guide-Final...

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Brett Carmen Comm 107 Study Guide-Final Chapter 11 Public communication- transaction between a speaker and an audience Preparing a speech: 1. decide on/ accept topic 2. formulate statement of central idea (SCI) 3. collect research that develops SCI 4. Prepare an intro, with attention getter and necessary background 5. formulate body so the goal can be achieved 6. prepare visuals 7. develop conclusion, summarizes points and wraps up Speaking setting-where speech is given, time limit, when the presentation is made, and the attitude of the audience Plagiarism- when a speaker uses the words and ideas of others as their own without giving credit Fabrication- making up or guessing at information and making it appear as being true Audience analysis- measuring the demographic, psychographic, and rhetorographic characteristics of your prospective listeners Demographics- your listeners’ characteristics based on their descriptions and backgrounds (age, gender, religion, race, ethnicity, education, occupation) Psychographics- audience’s attitudes and beliefs, determined by analyzing the listeners Rhetorographics- the place, time limit, time of day, and emotional climate of the speech Statement of central idea- defines the subject and develops the criteria by which to evaluate the material to be included in the speech - centers on what you want the audience to know, to be able to do, to believe - 3 parts: goal of the speech, statement of topic, method/process used to develop the speech Modes of speech presentation- the preparation method and reference aids used during the speech…4 modes: impromptu/adlib, extemporaneous, manuscript, memorized Extemporaneous speaking mode- developing a set of talking points such as notes or an outline, to assist them in presenting their ideas. Speech presentation outline- expand the outline with examples and illustrations and write in internal summaries and forecasts An outline has a balanced structure based on 4 major principles: parallelism, coordination, subordination, division (pg 304-305) Topic outline- has words/phrases for all entries and usually has little/no punctuation Sentence outline- has complete sentences for all entries, usually has correct punctuation Mind mapping- method of arranging materials visually, rather than in list form Manuscript speech mode- material is written and delivered word for word
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Memorized speech mode- speech is written out word for word then it is memorized Physical elements of public communication gestures-use of hands, body movements, facial expressions eye contact- establishing this allows the audience to feel involved use of visual aids- speechophobia- public speaking anxiety, 4 characteristics: 1)there’s a persistent fear of a specific situation out of proportion to the reality of danger, 2)compelling desire to avoid and escape the situation, 3)the fear is unreasonable and excessive, 4)it is not due to any other disorder Chapter 12 Primary sources of info- sources that represent the original reports of the observations
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Final Study Guide - Brett Carmen Comm 107 Study Guide-Final...

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