Midterm Review - 1 Comparing/ (includingpopulism o o .

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1. Comparing/Contrasting three major reforms: movements for agricultural reform (including populism) o  Farmers began facing hard times after the Civil war o Railroad opened up new opportunities for farmers. They were now able to cultivate  land that before they were unable to use for farming o Growth in land contributed to overproduction which led to hardships o Farmer’s dependence on new technology increased production in the west which led  to problems between farmers and the government o Populist political movement attempted to fight against the power of bankers,  merchants, and railroad monopolies, all of whom exercised economic dominance  over the millions of isolated agricultural producers o Populism has a legacy of protecting against the forces of modernization Progressive-era reform (by both black and white elites) o Progressives were middle class people devoted to making society a better place.  Muckrakers unleashed the downsides to industrialization and showed the country the  truth about cities and slums. Political reformers opposed to political parties were  progressives.  o Fought for many rights and equalities -> education, law, houses, anti-discrimination,  women’s rights, child labor laws and temperance (banned alcohol consumption.) o Strong sense of morality in the progressive movement- they were fighting for the  good of mankind, not for their own personal reasons o There were many contradictions within the movement, including race New Deal Programs o Relief programs were used as emergency measures to end the depression o Didn’t care as much about the moral of society, just wanted everything to be fixed  asap o
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