Anth220- midterm review2

Anth220 midterm - Anthropology the study of humanity our physical characteristics as animals and our non-biological characteristics collectively

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Anthropology- the study of humanity- our physical characteristics as animals, and our non-biological characteristics collectively referred to as culture. Traditionally, the subject is broken down into for sub disciplines: biological (physical) anthropology, ethnology (cultural or social), archaeology, and linguistics. Biological anthropology- the study of humans as biological organisms in the context of an evolutionary framework; also referred to as physical anthropology. 3 Divisions- Human Biology, Primatology and Paleoanthropology 4 main subfields- socio-cultural, biological, archaeology and linguistic anthropology Protein synthesis- the assembly of chains of amino acids into functional protein molecules. DNA directs this process. Mitosis- The process of nuclear division in haploid or diploid cells that produces daughter nuclei that contain identical chromosome complements and are genetically identical to one another and to the parent nucleus from which they arose. 1. Prophase- the chromosome strands coil and become thicker 2. Metaphase- the chromosomes move to the center of the cell 3. Anaphase- the chromosomes strand separates and each replicated chromosome moves along spindle fibers in opposite directions toward the 2 poles of the dividing cell 4. Telophase- the centromere splits and each strand separates to one side of the cell and a new nuclear membrane forms around each group ofchromosomes Meiosis- Two successive nuclear divisions of a diploid nucleus resulting in the formation of haploid gametes or of meiospores having one-half the genetic material of the original cell. 1. Prophase-Telophase I are the same as Mitosis
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course ANTH 220 taught by Professor Leslie during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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Anth220 midterm - Anthropology the study of humanity our physical characteristics as animals and our non-biological characteristics collectively

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