{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Anth220- midterm review

Anth220- midterm review - What is Anthropology The word...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
What is Anthropology? - The word anthropology itself tells the basic story--from the Greek anthropos ("human") and logia ("study")--it is the study of humankind, from its beginnings millions of years ago to the present day. Anthropology's four main subfields : socio-cultural, biological, archaeology, and linguistic anthropology The 3 traditional divisions within biological anthropology include: Human Biology, Primatology, and Paleoanthropology Hominoid, Hominid, Hominin Suborder Hominoids- a primate superfamily Subfamily Homininae- non-human primates and humans Tribe Hominini- archaic and modern humans What makes biological anthropology a science? Hypothesis testing Theory development Deductive reasoning Experimentation and Fieldwork Systematic observations and data quantification Comparative studies Biological Taxonomy- the science of naming different living and extinct organisms. Anatomy- the science of structure of the body. Geology- the science of the ages of the earth. Genes, DNA and the Genetic Code Atom-> Molecule or Compound-> Organelle-> Cell-> Tissue-> Organ-> Organ System-> Organism DNA is the genetic code by which hereditary info is translated from genes (MtDNA, Y Chromosome, Nuclear) Enzymes are proteins that catalyze chemical reactions. Pepsin is a digestive protease released by the chief cells in the stomach that functions to degrade food proteins into peptides. Hemoglobin is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of the blood in vertebrates and other animals A hormone is a chemical messenger from one cell (or group of cells) to another. Insulin- is a polypeptide hormone that regulates carbohydrate metabolism. Adenine-Thymine; Guanine-Cystosine 3 nucleotides is referred to as a codon and each codon designates an amino acid Protein synthesis is the transcription and translation of specific parts of DNA to form proteins Genetic and protein codes are 2 dimensional and actual proteins are 3 dimensional MtDNA is located inside the mitochondrion and has a different evolutionary origin from nuclear DNA from bacteria. It recombines with copies of itself within the same mitochondrion. Y Chromosome is the sex-determining chromosome that is passed from father to son ONLY
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Nuclear DNA is located inside the nucleus of the cell and is passed on sexually from mother to father Genotype - refers to the genetic composition of an organism Phenotype - what is expressed- the result interactions between genes and the environment Gregor Mendel- discovered that biological inheritance was not an irreversible blending of parental traits Allele- one, two, or more alternate forms of a single gene
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern