Hlth130- notes

Hlth130- notes - HLTH130 SLIDES/NOTES Public Health- the...

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HLTH130 SLIDES/NOTES Public Health- the fulfillment of society’s interest in assuring the conditions in which people can be healthy -Organized community efforts aimed at the prevention of disease and the promotion of health Public Health vs. Medical Care Patient: the community the individual Treatment: Medicines/vaccines Goal: Cure Public Health EXAMPLES - Pure water - Efficient sewage disposal - Ensure quality of medical service - Cigarette taxes - Immunization laws - Seat belt restrictions - Malnutrition - AIDS - Chemical/drug dependency Science: how we understand threats to health, determine what interventions might work, and evaluate whether the interventions worked Politics: how we as a society make decisions about what policies to implement Public Health DISCIPLINES - Epidemiology - The basic science of PH; the study of epidemics. Aims to control spread of infectious diseases. Seeks causes of chronic disease and ways to limit harmful exposures - Statistics - Collection of data on the population used to calculate risks & benefits. The numbers are diagnostic tools for the health of the community. - Biomedical Sciences - Infectious diseases [pathogens], chronic diseases and genetics - Environmental Health Science - Health effects of environmental exposures; air quality, water quality, solid and hazardous wastes, safe food and drugs, and global environmental change - Social and Behavioral Sciences - Behavior is now the leading factor in affecting people’s health. Theories of health behavior: social environment affect’s people’s behavior. Major health threats: tobacco, poor diet and physical inactivity, injuries. Maternal and child health are social issues - Health Policy and Management- Role of medical care in public health. Cost of medical care in US is A LOT. US has a high percentage of population without health insurance- often lacking access to medical care. Quality of medical care can be measured and is often questionable. PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION Primary prevention - avoids the development of the disease (ex. vaccines, sunscreen, seatbelts) *PREVENT* Secondary prevention - aimed at early disease detection and therefore increasing opportunities for interventions to prevent progression of the disease before the emergence of symptoms (ex. Screening (identifying), papsmear) *MINIMIZE* Tertiary prevention - reducing the negative impact of an already established disease & reducing complications (ex. Chemotherapy, insulin(diabetes), antibiotics) *MINIMIZE DISABILITY THROUGH MEDICAL CARE*
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PUBLIC HEALTH 5-STEP APPROACH 1. Define the health problem 2. Identify the risk factors associated with the problem 3. Develop and test community-level interventions to control or prevent the cause of the problem 4. Implement interventions to improve the health of the population 5. Monitor the interventions to assess their effectiveness CHAIN OF CAUSATION o Agent - bacteria causing sickness o Host
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course HLTH 130 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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Hlth130- notes - HLTH130 SLIDES/NOTES Public Health- the...

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