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BASKETBALL INTRODUCTION: Basketball was invented by Canadian, James Naismith in 1891, who was living in the United States, Massachusetts. Basketball is definitely an athletically challenging sport, as it exercises all of the muscles in the body. Although basketball can be played outdoors, it was invented to serve as an exciting indoor exercise for the winter months in a northern climate. It quickly became a spectator sport, however, and now attracts large audiences to gymnasiums and arenas, especially in the United States, South America, and Europe. Basketball, played by two teams of five players each, is one of the most popular team sports in the United States and Europe. The simple objective of the game is to throw a ball, 30inch, through a 60 inch hoop, scoring more points than the opposing team. A player must dribble, or bounce the ball in order to move while possessing the ball. Basketball has great physical as well as health value associated with it. The leaping and running movements exercise all of the lower parts of the body and the shooting and passing movements exercise all of the arm muscles as well as the chest. Basketball is a great cardiovascular workout. You are running and jumping and that really works the heart and lungs. You are getting your blood pumping and your breathing is accelerated. It is an amazing workout for your body. Basketball is a social sport. It brings people together and creates bonds and friendships. It is great for a shy child to really bring them out and help them to meet new people and learn to socialize. TERMINOLOGY:
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Backboard: It is the rectangular structure, 6’x 3 ½’, to which the basket is attached. Basket: It is attached to the backboard consisting of a metal rim 18’’ in diameter suspended from the floor, from which a 15-18’’ corded net hangs, and through which points are scored; also used to refer to a successful field goal. Baseline: It is the boundary line behind basket, also called the endline. Bench point: It is the number of points scored during a game from players that began the game on the bench. Blocked shot: It is the successful deflection of a shot by touching part of the ball on its way to the basket, therefore preventing a field goal. Beat the defender: When as offensive player, with or without the ball, is able to get pass an opponent who is guarding him. Bounce pass: It is a pass that strikes the floor before it reaches the receiver. Carrying the ball: It is a violation committed when the dribbler’s hand is under the ball and temporarily holds or carry the ball while dribbling. Elbowing: It is a violation when a player vigorously swings his/her elbow, even if there is no contact, it is
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2010 for the course ART 340-00 taught by Professor Paul during the Spring '09 term at Cornell College.

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