lecture11.doc - LECTURE NOTES UCLA PS 40 Department of...

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LECTURE NOTES UCLA Department of Political Science Winter 2010 PS 40 Introduction to American Politics Prof. Thomas Schwartz Hunk 11 From Bills to Laws, from Budgets to Buckets of Bucks How a Bill Becomes Law A bill is a draft law – a law in the making. The following table traces the steps necessary for a bill to become law. House Senate Introduced by a member or passed by Senate Introduced by a member or passed by House Assigned to Committee, then subcommittee, or drafted there Assigned to Committee, then subcommittee, or drafted there Hearings Hearings Mark up (writing) Mark up (writing) Positive Report Positive Report Scheduled for debate by Rules Committee, “rule” assigned to limit debate and amendments Scheduled for debate by Majority Leader (in consultation with Minority Leader); no limit on debate or amendments Positive Vote Positive Vote House and Senate versions the same House and Senate versions the different House-Senate conference committee reports single version 1
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Passes both houses in up-or-down vote (no amendments) President Signs bill Sits on bill for 10 days while Congress is in session Vetoes bill House and Senate Override veto by 2/3 A missed step , such as a negative vote by either house, means no law . A pocket veto occurs if Congress submits a bill for the President’s approval but goes out of session before the 10 days are up. A pocket veto cannot be overridden. Congress can avoid a pocket veto by staying in session as long as necessary to complete the 10 days. If the committee and scheduling procedures fail to place the bill before Congress, a majority can bring it to the floor with a discharge petition followed by a vote to discharge . That rarely happens. How Congress Spends Your Money To spend your money Congress must do three things, which in our system requires three separate laws . So says Congressional procedure adopted by Congress, not the Constitution.
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course POL SCI pol sci 40 taught by Professor Schwartz during the Spring '09 term at UCLA.

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lecture11.doc - LECTURE NOTES UCLA PS 40 Department of...

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