comm 143 - ReviewExam#1COMS143 Meaningsofthetermrhetoric...

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Review Exam #1 COMS 143 04/02/2009 15:49:00 Meanings of the term rhetoric Rhetoric is a way to support/ celebrate ideals we hold close to us.   Most of our opinions/ beliefs were acquired by the influence of transitory  everyday experiences Ways in which words or signs influence people (Ex: deodorant people want you  to think its important to smell good)  The theory or practice of the verbal mode of presenting judgment and choice,  knowledge and feeling Literary technology of persuasion Everything is a sign or signifier Discourse- language, discussion, speech Rhetoric as An Art- how Use of symbols to induce cooperation in people The work the rhetor does in persuasion The rules, guidelines, strategies Ex: literary technology of persuasion, rhetoric is the faculty of observing the  available means of persuasion Rhetoric as an Artifact- what  Finished piece of discourse whose intent is to persuade an audience  (actual  speech) Product of the rhetorical art Ex: speech designed to persuade Rhetoric as a Function of Discourse/ Symbolic Inducement- why The affect of the work The rhetorical function is symbolic inducement 
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Mode of altering reality by creation of discourse which mediates thought and  action Use of signs or symbols to induce ways of thinking Nichols’ argument in the assigned essay about the connection of  rhetoric to freedom she agrees that rhetoric signifies a certain condition of freedom which the  humanities serves to create ex: chicken and religious story through rhetorical use of words that ideas and ideals shape, they dominate  our environment of thought and value.  Therefore, theoretical study of rhetoric  and close attention to maneuvers of language are safeguards of freedom.  The rhetoritian ought to be a critic of rhetoric, one needs judgment out of  concern for human purpose and end Don’t take everything everyone says to be true “use all that there is to use” rhetoric can teach us to love reason and value its limitations, to prize  emotion but resist to control it, to cultivate imagination and cope with its  departures from normalcy
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Study of rhetoric began in Greece in the 5 th  century  b/c people were  democratic and thus could speak in public.   Leadership role was played by rhteors who would make direction that was  best for them or for the city Greeks spoke for themselves: funerals, court, etc. “sophists” or paid teachers … taught people how to be effective in public 
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comm 143 - ReviewExam#1COMS143 Meaningsofthetermrhetoric...

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