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short answer - Printing press made books a mass media...

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Printing press - made books a mass media because it allowed mass production of volume of books, made them available and cheap Dime novel - allowed cheap, more specialized, judged on how popular not how literate Marketplace of ideas - government should not regulate the press, the truth will be victorious Yellow journalism- barons seeked out sensationalism stories to gain the most audience Muckrakers- searched for misconduct to improve society and bring reform, dug up corruption in government and revealed it to society Truth as a defense – people should tell the truth even if it hurts others, damaging to government official Seditious liable laws- court case that established laws that you could say something damaging about government American Revolution - colonists attacked british government in newspapers, when opinions on government were published it began the democratic society. Played a role in forming the constitution Penny Press- made newspaper produced cheaper so that it could be delivered to the masses. As a result they needed people to get stories so they could deliver to masses so reporters became a profession. Wire services - typically usd by smaller newspapers to get information on a more national level. Ex: associated press Inverted pyramid style Syndicated features- separate companies make products available to you (crossword, movie review) Chains - companies own more than one newspaper. This concerns people because they are worried that democracy is at stake if only a few people are in charge of the newspaper release of info. Concerned that there is less diversity of information. Zines- self published magazine, very quirky and specialized, short lived, online, don’t last long, youth oriented Video channels- such as MTV brings music to the masses. Move away from touring. A away to advertise Mondegreen- a misunderstood song lyric that we take to relate to our personal desire (food/ sex) hold me closer tiny dancer, hold me closer tony danza Persistence of vision : visual image is retained in eye for fraction of second after that image actually appears. nickelodeon : first permanent motion picture theater. Cost a nickel to get in. Films great longer, more costly, more popular, more practical Birth of Nations: first full length motion picture film with a plot and character devlopment. showed film can be a money making business. MPPC: Motion Picture Patent Corporation. Controlled all aspects of film (production, exhibition, distribution). Didn’t want the stars to have fame. Limited lengths of film.
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