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study guide - AchaiaGreece AchaiansGreeks...

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Achaia-  Greece         Achaians  – Greeks Achilles (Achilleus)  -  The son of the military man Peleus and the sea-nymph Thetis. The most powerful  warrior in  The Iliad,  Achilles commands the Myrmidons, soldiers from his homeland of Phthia in Greece.  Proud and headstrong, he takes offense easily and reacts with blistering indignation when he perceives  that his honor has been slighted. Achilles’ wrath at Agamemnon for taking his war prize, the maiden  Briseis, forms the main subject of  The Iliad . Aegisthus  – Agammenon’s wife’s lover who killed him Aiolos –  king of the island of the winds Agamemnon (also called “Atrides”) (Iliad)   - King of Mycenae and leader of the Achaean army; brother  of King Menelaus of Sparta. Arrogant and often selfish, Agamemnon provides the Achaeans with strong  but sometimes reckless and self-serving leadership. Like Achilles, he lacks consideration and forethought.  Most saliently, his tactless appropriation of Achilles’ war prize, the maiden Briseis, creates a crisis for the  Achaeans, when Achilles, insulted, withdraws from the war. Agamemnon (Odyssey)  -  Former king of Mycenae, brother of Menelaus, and commander of the Achaean  forces at Troy. Odysseus encounters Agamemnon’s spirit in Hades. Agamemnon was murdered by his  wife, Clytemnestra, and her lover, Aegisthus, upon his return from the war. He was later avenged by his  son Orestes. Their story is constantly repeated in the  Odyssey  to offer an inverted image of the fortunes of  Odysseus and Telemachus. Aias (Ajax)  –  appears in Odyssey underworld; strongest warrior; an Achaean commander , Great Ajax  (sometimes called “Telamonian Ajax” or simply “Ajax”) is the second mightiest Achaean warrior after  Achilles. His extraordinary size and strength help him to wound Hector twice by hitting him with boulders.  He often fights alongside Little Ajax, and the pair is frequently referred to as the “Aeantes.” Alkinoos –  kind of Phaiakains; father of Nausikaa; offers Odysseus her hand in marriage Andromache –  Hektor’s wife; Hector’s loving wife, Andromache begs Hector to withdraw from the war and  save himself before the Achaeans kill him. Antikleia –  Odysseus’ mom Aphrodite -   Goddess of love and daughter of Zeus, Aphrodite is married to Hephaestus but maintains a  romantic relationship with Ares. She supports Paris and the Trojans throughout the war, though she proves  somewhat ineffectual in battle.
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