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Unformatted text preview: ed in 1958 by Dwight D. Eisenhower responding to the Soviet Union’s launch of Sputnik. Throughout the 1960’s under President Kennedy, NASA used the Apollo Missions to send men to the moon. In 1969, the United States became the first and only country to land men on the moon, exciting the nation and propelling America into a whirlwind of space exploration. Following the Apollo Missions, NASA began using the space shuttle instead of rockets. Currently, the space shuttle has had 120 successful flights since its debut in 1981. Internationally, the United States is one of sixteen nations contributing to the labor of building the International Space Station. Besides manned trips in space, NASA also successfully provides rover exploration of Mars’ terrain (“What does NASA do?” par. 1-5). Although NASA has had several successful missions, there have been a few failures that it must take credit for as well. One main failure was when the space shuttle Challenger broke-up during launch on January 28, 1986, losing a seven-member crew (Mahone and Savage par. 3). Another failure occurred in 2003, when the space shuttle Columbia lost its entire seven member crew as the shuttle disintegrated upon re-entering the Earth’s atmosphere. This was due to a hole in the left wing’s leading edge, created during liftoff on January 16, 2003 (“Columbia Overview” par. 5). Also, several space shuttle missions, including an upcoming mission, have been needed to repair the Hubble Space Telescope which is used to take pictures of deep space. In the near Largent 3 future, the space shuttle Atlantis will make a final servicing mission to the telescope (“Final Mission to Hubble” par. 1-4). With NASA’s controversial background, NASA has several future missions expected to advance our understanding of space and aeronautics. One prime mission from NASA is the retirement of the current space shuttle program and the creation of a new spacecraft to send men into space. The current shuttle system, although rather successful, has had several disasters i...
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This note was uploaded on 11/11/2010 for the course HET 489 taught by Professor Zhenwei during the Three '08 term at Swinburne.
- Three '08