final study guide

final study guide - human sex review 4 o Chapter 12 Sexual...

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human sex review 4 Chapter 12 – Sexual Orientation o There is a spectrum of sexual orientations Sexual orientation – direction of a P’s sexual feelings toward persons of same sex, opposite sex, or both Alfred Kinsey’s 7 point scale of sex orientation o 0 (hetero) to 6 (homo) o Sexual orientation is not an isolated trait gay people on avg do differ from heteros of same sex in number of gender typical traits o ex: in childhood, homo M engage in less rough-and-tumble play, aggressive behavior, athletics; opposite for gay F o Diverse Theories attempt to explain sexual orientation Psychodynamic theories (internal mental processes) vs. biological theories (phenomena such as hormones, genes, etc.) Frued theories: o Thought that “normal” development process could be disrupted by abnormal relationships within family certain phenomena could block “normal” development & child could remain stuck in homo phase o Could traumatize parents of homos, they feel responsible Sexual orientation as an attribution of socialization o Result of molestation/rape during childhood o No positive evidence for parental influence o See Simon LeVay’s guest lecture notes (PTQ) o Prentatal hormonal hypothesis: leading theory proposes that sex orientation reflects sex differentiation of brain under influence of prenatal sex hormones
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Everything depends on androgen levels during sensitive period of prenatal Has solid basis in animal research o o Gay community has struggled for equal rights Gay rights movement began in Germany (Scientific Humanitarian Committee) o “Stonewall Rebellion” – often viewed as starting point of modern gay rights movement o before rebellion, homosexuality was considered a mental disorder, homos had no legal protection o bars used to represent entire gay social life o AIDS epidemic considered a “gay disease” o Gay people are in transition o Slight majority of Americans still believe homo sex = wrong o Homos are being discharged from armed services o Many gay hate crimes Gay rights = global issue o Some countries have tradition of social tolerance (full legal rights of marriage in 3 Euro countries) o Most ban homo behavior completely (capital offense in Iran & few other Islamic countries o Growing up gay presents challenges Pre-gay child’s position on the gender continuum strongly affects growing up process Exclusion from friendship groups, verbal abuse Some gay adolescents choose to “pass as straight”
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o Growing up gay can be a positive experience o
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final study guide - human sex review 4 o Chapter 12 Sexual...

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