midterm study guide

midterm study guide - French 153D Midterm Study Guide...

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French 153D Midterm Study Guide Identifications: text, author, context of passage, speaker, brief analysis of passage, relevance What is the Fantastic? -“the hesitation felt by someone who knows only the natural laws faced with an apparently supernatural event” –Todorov -“when recounting something supernatural, one can never supply too many details of material reality” –Merimee -importance of narrator as character, does he/she believe in supernatural? Narrator & his/her beliefs replace reader’s beliefs; narrator often tries to give natural explanations for supernatural experiences -author uses modalization to create hesitation & uncertainty for reader, not sure if we can trust the narrator “it seemed to him,” “I thought I saw,” etc. The Sandman , Ernst Hoffman (1817) 2 beginnings: jarring, ironic, confusing, element of hesitation do we believe nathaniel or clara? o Clara is more rational & mature, but also described as childlike, almost too rational, becomes annoying Elements of Fantastic: o Mechanical doll Olympia, he thinks she is a real person, seems fantastic, like doll is coming to life, until he realizes she is an automaton o Sandman/Coppelius/Coppola: are they all the same person? Nathanial thinks they are all connected, he is afraid of coppola as he feared coppelios/sandman Uncanny themes: mechanical doll, fear of losing eyes & sandman, doubling (coppelius & coppola & sandman), optical instruments, alchemy (his father, Coppelius, and Olympia) o Freud focused on nathanial’s fear of losing his eyes, ignores uncanny of Olympia, doll coming to life wish fulfillment, also doubling, strange becoming familiar and vise versa, familiar is repressed (fear of Sandman/Coppola) and when it returns it is unfamiliar and frightening (Coppelius) Nathaniel’s perception of reality: use of modalization; narrative complexity narrator seems to mock Nathanial, keeps ironic distance; 2 voices: reason vs. imagination
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Uncanny: Freud’s theory of discomfort felt when something is both strange and familiar at the same time, eerie sense of doubling, dissonant paradox; Freud believed it was often an expression of repressed feelings/thoughts The Cremona Violin , Ernst Hoffman (1817) Summary: Krespel is an eccentric violin player & maker, in the beginning he is depicted as strange artist, designs a house to be built for him exactly as he wants it, Antonia is perceived by village to be his mistress, actually his daughter. Antonia is an amazing singer, was engaged to B--, a composer, but Krespel finds out she has a disease that will kill her if she sings (TB?) so he forces B—to leave her and she lives with him. She sings through the Cremona Violin, the only masterpiece that Krespel did not destroy in order to recreate because it sounds as beautiful as Antonia’s voice. Narrator meets her and falls in love with her, still thinks she is Krespel’s mistress who is kept there against her will. Narrator leaves
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course FR 153D taught by Professor Jullien during the Fall '10 term at UCSB.

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midterm study guide - French 153D Midterm Study Guide...

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