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Trumandecision - surrender was made to the leadership in...

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America had the bomb. Now what?  From:http://www.ushistory.org/us/51g.asp When President Harry Truman learned of the success of the Manhattan Project  (a secrete government project to produce nuclear weapons), he knew he was  faced with a decision of unprecedented gravity. The capacity to end the war with  Japan was in his hands, but it would involve unleashing the most terrible weapon  ever known. American soldiers and civilians were weary from four years of war, yet the  Japanese military was refusing to give up their fight. American forces occupied  Okinawa and Iwo Jima and were intensely fire bombing Japanese cities. But  Japan had an army of 2 million strong stationed in the home islands guarding  against invasion. For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most  difficult decision of his life.First, an Allied demand for an immediate unconditional 
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Unformatted text preview: surrender was made to the leadership in Japan. Although the demand stated that refusal would result in total destruction, no mention of any new weapons of mass destruction was made. The Japanese military command rejected the request for unconditional surrender, but there were indications that a conditional surrender was possible. Regardless, on August 6, 1945, a plane called the Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. Instantly, 70,000 Japanese citizens were vaporized. In the months and years that followed, an additional 100,000 perished from burns and radiation sickness. Two days later, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan. On August 9, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, where 80,000 Japanese people perished. On August 14, 1945, the Japanese surrendered....
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