Archeological Analysisexam2

Archeological Analysisexam2 - Dating Methods The most...

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Dating Methods The most commonly used method for dating in archeology is known as relative dating. This is basically the ability to say that something is older or younger than something else. The most common form of relative dating is known as stratification. Stratification: The study of the layers of the earth for dating purposes. This means that something buried further down in sedimentary layers would be expected to be older than something found higher up, but like all techniques of dating there are problems with this one. There are cultural and Natural disturbances. Ultimately you are looking for human activity. Notion of association: Have a sealed context is ideal. This concept is crucial to archeology. This is because when dating materials you want something to be where it was originally left not where it was moved. Cross dating: The technique of dating similar objects from to different places Archeological Analysis 9/27/2010 Last time we talked about dating methods. Historical Chronology These are things we will determine in the future. What is dating method is best suited to the particular circumstance you find yourself in. For example if you are dating objects that have specific dates written on them then you have a good basis for when materials where made. This does not necessarily mean that you know when the object was left behind. The largest example of this is coins. This is because coins are usually dated but you do not know specifically when it was left. A coin made in 1999 could be found any time after 1999 because we know that it was made then but it could be left around in 2003. For an archeologist to use historical chronology the has to be relatively usable dates. If by chance you have a typology of your pottery worked out then you can use that. You might be able to use date to that context. Is that important? Yes it can be if you are in that situation. If by chance you have carved monuments you can secure the sequence and place dates to the sequence. That means that this also applies to some other place. What is it called when you match materials? Cross dating. Sometimes
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artifacts themselves carry a date. Maybe there are hieroglyphs that give you a specific date. You may have dates on coins or the ruler To date a coin/artifact is NOT the same as to date the context in which it is found. The date on a coin tends to coincide with the year it was made. If you find it in an archeological context you know that the context cannot be earlier than the date on the coin . If you get a really good historical chronology it becomes very important. Again all of this is cross dating.
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Archeological Analysisexam2 - Dating Methods The most...

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