Lec-34-Chap12-1

Lec-34-Chap12-1 - Chapter 12: Organic Chemicals and...

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Chapter 12: Organic Chemicals and Polymers Organic Chemicals 85% of all known compounds are organic. • C forms strong C C bonds and thousands of C’s can be linked together in a single molecule. • Organic compounds form structural isomers. • A large variety of functional groups can be attached to the carbon skeleton.
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Chiral Molecules A subtle kind of isomerism: chirality • Non-superimposable molecules made from the same building blocks are chiral chiral . ± (Greek: cheir = hand) Non-superimposable mirror images. A pair of hands are chiral (as are the seashells)
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• Nonsuperimposable mirror images are called enantiomers enantiomers (Greek: enantion = opposite). •A chiral chiral center center occurs when 4 different groups bond to carbon. Chiral Molecules • Nonsuperimposable mirror images are called enantiomers enantiomers (Greek: enantion = opposite). chiral center occurs when 4 different groups bond to carbon. Chiral Molecules
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• Nonsuperimposable mirror images are called enantiomers enantiomers (Greek: enantion = opposite). •A chiral center occurs when 4 different groups bond to carbon. Chiral Molecules
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• Nonsuperimposable mirror images are called enantiomers enantiomers (Greek: enantion = opposite).
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2010 for the course CHE 131 taught by Professor Kerber during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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Lec-34-Chap12-1 - Chapter 12: Organic Chemicals and...

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