CMST test 2 2010


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I AM MISSING THE FIRST DAY OF NOTES FOR EXAM TWO!!!! September 30, 2010 Expectancy violation theory: we enter in to communication situations with certain expectations and when they are not meet we have a heighten sense of awareness and judgment Proximics- the use of personal space Doesn’t only apply to space but all form of nonverbal and verbal behavior Nonverbally: kiss on the check might violate some people’s expectations- not normal for them Verbal: enter into any type of interaction we have a way we want the interaction to go. Hanging out with friends watching the game—communication expected to be happy, not serious. If you are watching a game with people you know & some you don’t- the people you don’t know as well aren’t expected to ask personal questions Positive expectations: people that have never been tailgating at LSU-unique experience, people are blown away by the experience. They cant stop talking about how awesome it is- violated in a positive way Paralanguage: the use of our voice Nonverbal forms of communication 1. Touch: the most personal; when someone touches us we have given them access to ourselves or they have violated us in someway; extremely dependent on context (ex: doubt I will ever touch ya’ll that’s a pretty normal assumption at grad school in a circle class of ten people teacher leans on my desk and his arm is on my back I am so creeped out Doran sits next to him and the teacher does the same thing to guys); out of all nonverbal behavior it is the most personal a. Positive effect: to show support, caring (someone crying and you give them a hug) b. Playful function: (five year old is athlete is understatement: after four goals he made he runs by teammates and give them all high fives) c. Control or direct behavior: (pick up child and turn him to his clothes to direct him to put them in laundry room; a tap on shoulder to get person to move) d. Ritualistic: hug to say good bye; handshake to say hello; kiss e. Task function: dentist; message therapist; haircut
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f. Hyper: starts off in one form and turns out to be another (go shake someone’s hand and they say give me a hug) g. Accidental: uncomfortable 2. Kinesics: how we use movement in a nonverbal behavior o Gesturing: more powerful and in control- a comfort level in what is being communicated o Affects display: whole body movement that is caused by an intense motion (jump up when you got an A on your test) 3. Manipulators: calm ourselves down; need to become aware of manipulated behavior a. Object: use object to sooth themselves (turn ring, clicking pen) b. Self: do something to our own body (twirling your hair, cracking knuckles) 4. Paralanguage: how we say something; everything but the words we say a. Verbal fillers: um, like, you know, etc b. Rate, tone, pitch, volume c. Use of silence: personal weapon i. Silence used in a strategic way- argument and say let’s talk about this later when we get home and we have had a chance to calm down ii. Intention of silence- if is speak right now I will regret it- other
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