The Emergence of the Middle East

The Emergence of the Middle East - T he Emergence of the M...

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The Emergence of the Middle East Middle East is a new geographic development after WW1 Middle East is not more prone to conflict than any other region Conflicts talked about now are from very recent history Origins of the Middle East, 1919 Idea behind mandate system was that Britain and France were supposed to guide these regions towards independence, but had no intention to do so, wanted to keep them as empires By early 21 st century, many countries were connected to this region and this caused the boundaries of the middle east to grow Locating the Middle East: Ethnicity Arabs are not the majority of the population in this region If we do define this region as an Arab homeland, we have the problem of defining who an Arab is Locating the Middle East: Religion Since the time that Islam was founded in the Middle East, Islam has become a global religion Indonesia has the biggest population of Muslims, not in Middle East Large number of Jewish, Christian, and non-religious people in this population Secular communities where religion would be private, would not dictate politics Locating the Middle East: Petroleum Not the only source of Petroleum Concentrated around the Persian Gulf, some regions had no petroleum at all
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Other sources of Petroleum If one of these regions stopped producing petroleum, it would be a disaster for the economy Arab-Israeli conflict will intersect with Cold War and Arab Nationalism Energy resources are going to magnify the importance of this region Islam is a major political and religious source at this time 2. Constructing the Arab States Arabic speaking countries were divided- this division was regarded by many arab leaders as a kind of betrayal. They thought their support for Britain and France during the war would be rewarded by the support of Britain and France to an independent nation Second source of betrayal- Britain and France decided to make a Jewish nation-state Palestine Small victory for Arab- Creation of Saudi monarchy, much of Arabian peninsula was inhabitable region in 1925, nobody really cared very much Protests become more vocal and then more violent against British and French targets to force them out of the region Arab Nationalism after WW2 In the aftermath of independence, the Arabs remain divided and seek to overrule these divisions by trying to unify the divisions
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