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MiddleEast_1 copy - The Emergence of the Middle East 1....

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The Emergence of the Middle East 1. Defining a Region 2. Constructing the Arab States 3. The Middle East and the Cold War
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Where is the Middle East? Came into existence after World War 1 Geographic definition has changed over time
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Origins of the Middle East, 1919
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The Middle East in the 21st Century
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Locating the Middle East: Ethnicity Middle East = Arab homeland? Ethnic diversity of the region Defining an “Arab”
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Locating the Middle East: Religion Birthplace of Islam Islam: a global religion Religious diversity Secularization
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Locating the Middle East : Petroleum Major Source of Petroleum Not only source, however Not equally distributed in the region
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Locating the Middle East : Petroleum Other Major Sources of Petroleum Soviet Union/Russia United States Canada Venezuela Nigeria
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Defining the Middle East Complex, diverse region No single source of unity Both internal and external events have given a loose geographical unity to the region Arab Nationalism Cold War Arab-Israeli conflict Energy resources Islam
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2. Constructing the Arab States Arab Nationalism after World War 1 Division of Arab regions: Mandate System Failure to create unified Arab state Zionism and Palestine Creation of Saudi monarchy (1925) Arab resistance to British and French rule
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2. Constructing the Arab States Arab Nationalism after World War 2 Independence of Arab states from British/French rule Formation of the Arab League (1945) Undermined by internal disputes Creation of Israel (1948) Arab defeat in the 1st Arab-Israeli War
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2. Constructing the Arab States Arab Nationalism after World War 2 Post-1948: Goals of Arab Nationalists New leadership Modernization Defeat of Israel Arab unity
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2. Constructing the Arab States Arab Nationalism after World War 2 1952 Revolution in Egypt Rise of Gamal Abdel Nasser Nasser’s Program “Arab” socialism » state management of economy crucial » facilitates foreign investment and aid
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2. Constructing the Arab States
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MiddleEast_1 copy - The Emergence of the Middle East 1....

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