European Overseas Empires

European Overseas Empires - European Overseas Empires...

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European Overseas Empires Conquering the World What could motivate Europeans to create empires? o Economic benefits o Control o Country may threaten your existence o Religious control o Trade o Bringing civilization to countries o Strategic positions in war How did Europeans maintain control over their empires? o Create a new economic system so people have to follow their rules o Divide populations against each other o Use military to enforce rule European Overseas Empires o Types of empires o Land-based (“territorial”) Empires Contiguous territories Growth by accretion Sea-based (“maritime”) Empires Non-contiguous territories Requires military/commercial control of oceans The Great Powers and their colonial possessions in 1913 By 1913 the British and French controlled huge empires, with colonies in Africa, southern Asia, the Caribbean zone, and the Pacific basin. Russia ruled much of northern Eurasia while the United States, Japan, and a half dozen European nations controlled smaller empires
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2010 for the course HIST 1214 at Virginia Tech.

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European Overseas Empires - European Overseas Empires...

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