Answers to Quiz 3

Answers to Quiz 3 - a Chitin is a protein structure 6...

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Answers to Quiz 3 18:59 Hydroxyl- OH  Carboxyl- CO 2 H 1) Carbon has four valent electrons and can form the most bonds. 2) Macromolecules are disassembled in hydrolysis reactions (require water). a) Dehydration- bringing two small molecules together, and taking water out  (building something)  3) Amino acids are relatively small organic molecules with a central carbon atom  which is bonded to a carboxyl group, an amino group, a carbon containing group,  and a hydrogen atom.  4) Carbon a) can form single, double, and even triple bonds with itself b) Can be built into rings and long chains c) Constitutes the backbones of an incredible variety of molecules d) All organic molecules contain carbon e) Phospholipids- head (hydrophilic) and tail (hydrophobic) 5) Fat, cholesterols, terpenes, and prostaglandins are all types of lipids.
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Unformatted text preview: a) Chitin is a protein structure 6) Protein functions a) Structure b) Metabolism c) Membrane transport d) Cell recognition (selective response/defense) 7) Primary structure in a protein- the specific amino acid sequence 8) Denaturation- a protein loses its native shape and function a) pH change b) temperature change c) ionic concentration change d) increase in hydrogen ion concentration (same as pH change) 9) Just because fructose and galactose all have the same six carbon atoms, twelve hydrogen atoms, and six oxygen atoms they are named different because they are alternate forms of the monosaccharide, glucose. 10)Lactose (disaccharide) is a carbohydrate, not a protein and is therefore not the cause of true milk allergies. LOOK AT FIGURE IN TEXT COMPARING MONOMERS/POLYMERS/CELLS 18:59 18:59...
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Answers to Quiz 3 - a Chitin is a protein structure 6...

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