25 Ch. 1 - • Biodiversity*Evolution by Natural Selection...

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The Science of Biology 18:52 Deductive reasoning vs. inductive reasoning The basic unit of  life  is the cell o The basic unit of a  living system  is a population o population  is a group of randomly mating individuals  All living things and systems have basic needs and exhibit: o Assimilating  and  metabolizing  chemicals o Maintaining homeostasis ( balance ) o Eating nutrient and energy rich chemicals o Excreting and  recycling  chemicals of lower energy content o Growth o Replacing parts o Maintenance  of parts o Reproduction o Sexually  (meiosis) or asexually (mitosis) o Selective response o Behaviors (instincts) Populations o Ecological interaction o Reproduction o Evolving      change in  allele  (form of a gene) frequency over time o “survival of the fittest”
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Unformatted text preview: • Biodiversity **Evolution by Natural Selection Additional Resource o Studying the relationship between things and naming things o Biological systematic o Taxonomists o Taxonomic hierarchy o Resource limitations cause competition and, therefore, not all individuals survive • Phylogeny o Carolus Linnaeus o Invented the standard of the Binomial Classification System o Example: for dog o Kingdom- Animalia o Phylum- Chordata o Class- Mammalia o Order- Carnivora o Family- Canidae o Genus- Canis o Species- Lupus o Subspecies- Familiaris o Example: for dolphin o Animalia o Chordata o Mammalia o Cetacea o Delphinidae o Tursiops o Truncatus 18:52 18:52...
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25 Ch. 1 - • Biodiversity*Evolution by Natural Selection...

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