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consumer goods. At the same time, for many people, it meant a thoroughly unpleasant work
environment — long work hours, monotonous routines,
and general degradation of labor. So does technology
determine a basic human process such as work, or is
technology itself shaped by economic and social
A fundamental feature of technological advance is that
innovations begin to be used on a small scale and are
steadily expanded as experience is gained with them. The
late-19th C and early-20th C deployment of machines in
factories of ever-increasing size was not simply the result
of increasing technological sophistication; putting workers
into large factories may have been motivated by a need to
control and discipline workers (191).
1903: South Carolina cotton spinning mill.
Employment of child workers persisted
well into 20th C. Machines provided a model of reliable performance, as well
as a way of coaxing it out of their workers (192). Source: Science & Society Picture Library 10418835 Page 1 of 2 SOCIOLOGY 415: Technology and Society
University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa , Fall 2010 characteristic of an industrial society is an extensive
of labor. Instead of a single craftsman performin g all of the
volved in making a product, production is broken into small
s, each one perf...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course SOC 415 taught by Professor Swift,d during the Fall '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.
- Fall '08