Th is reduces on costs persons with lesser skills at

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Unformatted text preview: ormed by a different worker. Th is reduces on costs — persons with lesser skills at lower wages (192). as tasks are kept simple so that workers can be readily d fired, there will be little need to depend on w orkers with d skills. The ultimate marriage of machine tech nology and ion of labor is the assembly line wherein worke rs perform ed and repetitious tasks that are dictated by th e tempo of ng line. Henry Ford is credited with the development of this of production. Before 1913, automobiles were p roduced in tches by workers with multiple skills, the cost w as high, and were necessarily limited to The assembly line allowed dramatic price cuts — less time, lower wages (192, 194). on to controlling the pace of work through us e of the assembly line, managers also d to regulate work by using elaborate systems that removed all worker control over work es. Most significant of these was Frederick Tayllor’s Scientific Management which stipucise scheduling and organizing of work activities and that these procedures were never s, to the workers’ discretion. Efficient work require d unfettered control by specially trained rs who were to be the repository of all knowledg e regarding the work being done (195). osion of knowledge that is the driving force of o ur sophisticated economy can fragment ulation into groups of specialized experts — an d it takes o n a pernicious quality when ed knowledge is the exclusive possession of on e group of people who...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course SOC 415 taught by Professor Swift,d during the Fall '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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