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Unformatted text preview: ormed by a different worker. Th is reduces
on costs — persons with lesser skills at lower wages (192).
as tasks are kept simple so that workers can be readily
d fired, there will be little need to depend on w orkers with
d skills. The ultimate marriage of machine tech nology and
ion of labor is the assembly line wherein worke rs perform
ed and repetitious tasks that are dictated by th e tempo of
ng line. Henry Ford is credited with the development of this
of production. Before 1913, automobiles were p roduced in
tches by workers with multiple skills, the cost w as high, and were necessarily limited to
The assembly line allowed dramatic price cuts — less time, lower wages (192, 194).
on to controlling the pace of work through us e of the assembly line, managers also
d to regulate work by using elaborate systems that removed all worker control over work
es. Most significant of these was Frederick Tayllor’s Scientific Management which stipucise scheduling and organizing of work activities and that these procedures were never
to the workers’ discretion. Efficient work require d unfettered control by specially trained
rs who were to be the repository of all knowledg e regarding the work being done (195).
osion of knowledge that is the driving force of o ur sophisticated economy can fragment
ulation into groups of specialized experts — an d it takes o n a pernicious quality when
ed knowledge is the exclusive possession of on e group of people who...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course SOC 415 taught by Professor Swift,d during the Fall '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.
- Fall '08