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Unformatted text preview: SOCIOLOGY 415: Technology and Society
University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Fall 2010 Textbook:
Volti, Rudi. 2009. Society and Technological Change. 6th edition. Worth Publishers Inc.
REVIEW, PT. IV: TECHNOLOGY AND THE TRANSFORMATION OF WORK.
CHAPTER 11: TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND LIFE ON THE JOB (186-205) Technological advances constantly change the nature of work. An economy based on industrial
production requires large amounts of energy. The first new energy source for the emerging industrial
economy was water power. Water wheels (simple devices producing little power) were widely
employed during the Middle Ages — over 5,000 of them could be found in England according to
the 11th C Domesday Book. With the mechanization of key industries (spinning, weaving, flour
milling), larger, more elaborate wheels emerged, built according to systematic, empirically derived
principles, making them significantly more efficient (186).
In the 19th C, water wheels were slowly supplanted by steam engines and these were brought to
a higher level of efficiency by James Watt’s invention of the separate condenser. He devised
new linkages and gearing systems — the up-and-down motion of a piston could be translated
into rotary motion, essential for the powering of many types of industrial machi...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course SOC 415 taught by Professor Swift,d during the Fall '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.
- Fall '08