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Unformatted text preview: actical me dical problems. Read about the steam
injector and the laser in How Technology Stimulates Sci entific Discovery (63-64).
Technological development plays a vital role in scientific advance by supplying devices and
instruments that are essential for scientific inquiry. Examples: The Hubble space telescope has
given new insights into age and size of the universe and its creation; magnetic resonance
imaging has played key role in rapid development of neu roscience, the study of the brain and
how it functions (65).
Most areas of scientific inquiry have become increasingl y expensive propositions; without the
promise of any eventual payback through technological applications, many research programs
would die for lack of funding and other sources of suppo rt. However, willingness of government
agencies to grant money for scientific research and of ci tizens to have their taxes used in this
manner is indicative of a widespread belief in the legitim acy of scientific research (66).
Characteristics that science and technology have in
common: (i) based on gathering of knowledge, and
(ii) advance through cumulative development of that
Isaac Newton is reputed to have said that he could
see farther because he stood on the shoulders of
giants — that is, his scientific discoveries were based
on knowledge produced by earlier scientists (67).
More generally, science and technology have been
nourished by a supportive culture at least since the
early Industrial Revolution. In the shared culture of
modern science and modern technology, development
of both requires intuitive and other non-rational modes
of thought, and rationality is essential to the general
methodology of science and technology (68).
Nevertheless, neither can be properly characterized as t...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course SOC 415 taught by Professor Swift,d during the Fall '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.
- Fall '08