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buyers and sellers providing the feedback.
When buyers wanted a particular commodity, its price would be high — motivating sellers to
produce more of it. When price was low — less would be produced. Similarly, an increase in
production would cause price of commodity to fall, so more of it would be purchased, whereas a
drop in production would cause price to rise, leading to reduction of purchases. Consequently,
the actions of buyers and sellers in the market provide a feedback mechanism through which
supply and demand are supposedly brought into equilibrium (11).
However, laws and regulations and other extraneous elements may strongly affect individual
feedback loops — preventing complex economy from operating solely on basis of supply-anddemand signal (12).
Technological development — more than random accumulation of tools, techniques,
organizational forms. Underlying the process is a set of attitudes and orientations collectively
described as “rational” (13).
A technologically progressive society — different from others due to its methods of problemsolving — oriented toward an objective scrutiny of problem at hand, coupled with systematic,
empirically based examination of possible solutions and logical selection of the most appropriate
ones. Belief that solutions are possible, and that constant changes are necessary to realize
Rational ways of thinking do not confer moral superiority. Rational approach is often
accompanied by a reluctance to admit there...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course SOC 415 taught by Professor Swift,d during the Fall '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.
- Fall '08