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Unformatted text preview: SOCIOLOGY 415: Technology and Society University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Fall 2010 Textbook: Volti, Rudi. 2009. Society and Technological Change. 6th edition. Worth Publishers Inc. REVIEW — CHAPTER 1: THE NATURE OF TECHNOLOGY Recent technological developments have presented us with: Global pollution Overpopulation Threat of nuclear annihilation Spacecraft (distance) Internet access to www. Cures through gene therapy (3) Technologies developed and applied — so we can do things otherwise not possible or do them cheaper, faster, and easier. Sets humans apart from other creatures (4). Humankind compensates for its innate physical weakness with an intelligence that is the ultimate source of technology (4). Beyond the tools and techniques that allowed the physical survival of the human species is the element of organization. Organization — development, production, employment of particular technologies require group effort. Energies and skills of many individuals combined and coordinated through a system of organization (4-5). System — when technology is seen as combination of devices, skills, and organizational structures. Individual technology operates effectively when it is supported by other elements that are systematically interconnected. Example: Thomas Edison needed development of complete system: light bulb…serviceable filament…vacuum pump that evacuated interior of light bulb…electric generator…e...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course SOC 415 taught by Professor Swift,d during the Fall '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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