s313.c07.fa10 - Monday,27September2010 Mostimportant soc313...

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Survey of Sociology of Work Monday, 27 September 2010 1 SURVEY OF SOCIOLOGY OF WORK soc 313 Instructor : Q UINCY E DWARDS Most important… Do take ownership of your education in this class by completing all reading and writing assignments on time and participating in on line discussions. Read each of the assigned textbook chapters before viewing the supplemental Powerpoint presentations. Laulima is the University of Hawai‘i on line course management system. Links to the discussion board and other salient features are provided at: https://laulima.hawaii.edu/ SOC 313: SURVEY OF SOCIOLOGY OF WORK Online Fall 2010 Instructor: Quincy Edwards PART III INDUSTRIES AND TECHNOLOGIES THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF WORK (4 TH ED.) CHAPTER 7 Technology and Organization …and other readings Chapter Outline… Technology Organization Technological Determinism How DoesTechnology InfluenceWork? How Do Organizations InfluenceWork? The Growth of Bureaucracy Limitations of Bureaucracy DirectWorker Participation
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Survey of Sociology of Work Monday, 27 September 2010 2 Technology and Organization Technology and Organization …the social relations of production comprising all material and non material means and techniques used to produce goods and services. Technology Technology… Technology’s three components: 1. Operations technology. 2. Materials. 3. Knowledge. Technology… OPERATIONS TECHNOLOGY The people and machinery that produce a good or service, along with the rules and procedures that pattern their use. Technology MATERIALS : Used in producing a good or service. Example #1: Materials in an automobile assembly plant are engine blocks, chassis, radiators, transmissions, windshields, and previously manufactured sub components. Example #2: Materials in a chicken processing plant are live chickens, scalding water, plastic wrap, waste bins, refrigeration packs, shipping crates.
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Survey of Sociology of Work Monday, 27 September 2010 3 Technology MATERIALS ( CONTINUED ) Can be more or less uniform — important implications for technology to be used. Materials used to produce automobiles and packaged chicken — either very uniform or somewhat uniform, respectively. Uniformity allows significant standardization (automation in the case of automobiles). Materials in design, service, and repair industry are less uniform, include significant variability — limits technologically routinized production. Technology KNOWLEDGE Required to operate machines. Production involves variability and uncertainty. Production workers need thorough knowledge of technology and materials in order to anticipate and accommodate the unexpected. Example: Refer to Box 7.1, page 159 of text: F ORMAL AND I NFORMAL K NOWLEDGE IN N URSING .
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