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Unformatted text preview: n in Unions Starting in 1970s, AFL‐CIO strongly influenced by women’s movement. • COALITION OF LABOR UNION WOMEN (CLUW) formed — Issues include: Outline of North American Labor History… POSTWAR CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES (CONTINUED) Public Sector Unions • By 2000, almost 2/3 of federal employees were union members. • Union membership — state, county, local employees — now five million. Elimination of restriction of women from certain occupations due to height/weight. Need for pregnancy leave. Proposals for comprehensive child‐care programs. • Women’s wages in unionized jobs are higher than non‐union jobs. • Disparity between men’s and women’s union‐job wages is significantly less. • Majority of states utilize final and binding arbitration for some or all state employees. Allows collective bargaining in public sector without use of strikes that might disrupt important public services. • Most states — either statutory or tacit recognition of state workers’ rights to join unions, an...
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