Morethan20000textileworkersmanyofthemwomenandchildrenp

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Unformatted text preview: rage federal action against strikers. parades, and demonstrations. that included Pullman cars. • Hired 5,000 armed men (deputized by state of Illinois, paid by Pullman Co.); deployed • The U.S. celebrates Labor Day rather than commemorating May Day. 6,000 U.S. troops; 3,000 Chicago “temporary” police against the strikers. • Fatal shooting of more than 30 men and women — final blows against the strike. Outline of North American Labor History… GENERAL UNIONS: THE KNIGHTS AND THE WOBBLIES Outline of North American Labor History… GENERAL UNIONS: THE KNIGHTS AND THE WOBBLIES (CONTINUED) Neither survives today as active union, but both had strong influence on American labor movement. • The Industrial Workers of the World (the Wobblies) — Founded in 1905, included unskilled factory workers, miners, lumberjacks, dock workers, cowboys. • The Knights of Labor — National organization in 1878, enlisted workers of all kinds (craft workers, unskilled laborers, farmers, small‐business owners, immigrants, women). • Go...
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