Outlineofnorthamericanlaborhistory the afl and craft

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Unformatted text preview: orkers a share in profits or decision‐making. • Used blacklists to identify and refuse employment to union sympathizers. • Used yellow‐dog contracts in which workers signed a promise that not to join a union or engage in any collective action. • Employed spies, scabs (replacements for striking workers), professional strikebreakers, and armed guards to undermine unions and intimidate workers. MILITIA WITH BAYONETS DRAWN ON PEACEFUL STRIKERS 4 SOC 313: Survey of Sociology of Work Outline of North American Labor History… GENERAL UNIONS: THE KNIGHTS AND THE WOBBLIES (CONTINUED) Outline of North American Labor History… THE AFL AND CRAFT UNIONISM American Federation of Labor (AFL) founded in 1886. Employer Resistance (continued) • In early 1800s, unions were considered conspiracies. • By mid‐1800s, conspiracy doctrine relaxed; unions legal, but strikes still illegal. • During 19th C. and into 20th C., injunctions (court orders) were used to block strikes. SHERMAN ANTITRUST A...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course SOC 313 taught by Professor Edwards during the Fall '10 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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