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Shistory outlineofnorthamericanlaborhistory early

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Unformatted text preview: broader class interests — formed political parties. A Central Role for Railroads: • Interests represented — Still divided along regional and craft lines. • First large national unions — Tens of thousands of members. • Parties failed — Difficult for third parties to succeed in U.S. political system. • 1877 — Widespread railroad strikes across U.S. over wages, hours, and conditions. • Violent repression of working‐class movements by U.S. government through 18th and 19th centuries. • Kept American workers and their movements weak and internally divided. Outline of North American Labor History… attacking strikebreakers leaving McCormack Harvester Co., killing four picketers. • On May 1, one of most significant mass strikes in U.S. history was organized by a consortium of unions. • On May 4th, people crowded into Haymarket Square to hear speakers • Demand — eight‐hour workday to humanize conditions of labor, protest killings at McCormick plant. Speeches ended. Police arrived and ordered crowd to disperse. alleviate unemployment. paraded in more than a dozen cities. • Over 80,000 Chicago workers walked off their jobs. Outline of North American Labor History… • At close of day’s events, police fired into crowd of picketers who were May Day 1886: • 190,000 workers on strike; 340,000 workers and citizens In Pittsburgh, local militia summoned by officials to fight s...
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