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PhilosophyMASTERNotes - PHIL1000 I.ANCIENT Plato:TheApology...

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PHIL 1000 02:45 I. ANCIENT Plato: The Apology (Socrates, Thales)  - 2 charges brought against Socrates by Athens (Greece).   Apology referring to legal defense sense from philosophical standpoint. .. leads to charges against Socrates. Sophist intellectual movement begins during the time of Socrates Socrates viewed as a sophist by many Athenians of that time and the past. - Poets view themselves as divinely inspired men Opposed by sophists who do not identify themselves with the religious tradition of that time. - no class TUES, read the apology for Wednesday 06/09/10 - for MONDAY: read The Menno and first book of The Republic Thales: 680 bc - rejects using myth as a means of explaining things Parmenides and Heraclitus- around 6 th  century bc - two important pre-Socratic figures for Plato – pre-Socratic tradition Parmenides- radical thinker in that “all there is, is being. Being is all that is unified, unchanged. ..”  phenomenal realm: all things are incoherent. 
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o Realm of being  Sophists:  two important sophists were Protagoras and Gorgias  Protagoras- thought to be an atheist o Famous for the measure doctrine (we are the measure of what is true and what is not true) Gorgias: the world is simply there to be manipulated by our means. - with sophists, shift toward moral theory  sophists rely on reason - Poets never defend position through argument; sophists recognize that position had to be defended  through practical discourse. Socrates first moral philosopher- in that he wants humans to live the best life possible o Socrates was influenced by sophists in this manner, but believed that there are objective  (universal) moral norms. Poets: adhere to traditional religious morality Think Socrates is part of the sophist group, take him to court Believe that anyone who us part of that thinking does not pay respect to the natural order of things  (do not pay gods their due) and deserve punishment. Sophists: adhere to enlightenment and reason Charges against Socrates: not believing in the traditional gods and corrupting the youth.  **THE APOLOGY**         - Socrates was Plato’s teacher - The apology- refers to legal defense - Socrates did go before trial, but what is said here may not be what was actually spoken - Plato uses Socrates as a dramatic vehicle to express his positions cant read this as a historical document 2
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pg 30  - e- here he separates himself from his accusers
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course BIOL 1202 taught by Professor Gregg during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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PhilosophyMASTERNotes - PHIL1000 I.ANCIENT Plato:TheApology...

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