10 ch. 10 - Ch. ? Personality I. Personality A....

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I. Personality A. individual's unique collection of consistent behavioral traits B. two important parts: i. “unique”: use concept of personality to explain differences between people ii. “consistent”: use concept of personality to describe people's similarities from one situation to the next C. study of personality dominated by “grand theories” II. trait theories A. analyze personality by measuring, identifying, and classifying personality characteristics or traits B. personality trait: relatively stable and enduring tendency to behave in a particular way in a variety of situations C. seek to identify traits that make up personality D. many believe there are a few essential traits that combine to create personality i. how many “basic traits” is still debated E. 5 Factor Model (McCrae and Costa) i. all personality traits are derived from 5 basic traits, known as the “big 5” ii. one of the most widely known models iii. the BIG 5 a) Openness to experience: curious, imaginative, flexible thinking, accepting, and creative b) Conscientiousness: disciplined, responsible, dependable, punctual, cautious c) Extraversion: outgoing, assertive, friendly, sociable, upbeat Eysenck: extroverts have lower levels of arousal, introverts have higher levels d) Agreeableness: sympathetic, trusting, cooperative, modest e) Neuroticism: nervous and emotionally unstable, emotional, anxious, hostile, insecure III. Personality Tests A. tests that attempt to analyze and identify a person's traits i. attempt to predict how people will act ii. two main types: a) self-report personality inventory asks people to answer series of questions about their characteristic behavior Example: Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) Most widely used Developed to identify psychological disorders NEO Personality Inventory Measures Big 5 Problems with self-report tests? Deliberate deception: lying
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10 ch. 10 - Ch. ? Personality I. Personality A....

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