Case Study One

Case Study One - Case Study One: Synthetic Cells A...

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Case Study One: Synthetic Cells A synthetic cell is a kind of life form that occurs artificially. In the case reported by J. Craig Venter and Daniel Gibson on May 26, 2010, the synthetic cell they created is basically a prosthetic genome expressed by a normal bacterium carrier (Bedau, 2010). Based on their description, we can see that the process of making a synthesized cell can be separated to mainly three steps: first, designing modification of DNA sequences based on the DNA of Mycoplasma mycoides strain on a computer; second, assembling the synthetic DNA fragments into one genome in a yeast cell; third, transplanting the assembled genome into recipient cell to complete the synthetic process. The synthetic cell is controlled only by the assembled artificial genome except the cytoplasm gene. The researchers have already examined that the further generations of the transplanted bacteria which formed a colony in laboratory contain no molecules that were present in the original cells (Venter and Gibson, 2010). This finding has many practical applications. As mentioned by the researchers, they
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course CBMG 222 taught by Professor Shields during the Spring '10 term at Maryland.

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Case Study One - Case Study One: Synthetic Cells A...

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