Midterm Review lectures 1-12

Midterm Review lectures 1-12 - Midterm Multiple choice...

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1 What you should know: Midterm: Multiple choice questions similar to the online quizzes on material covered in the lecture notes, more specifically, what is listed below Small Molecules: Isotopes, 5 types of bonds/interactions: covalent, ionic, hydrogen, hydrophobic, van der Waals Hydrophilic/hydrophobic Molarity pH Weak acids and bases/buffers
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2 Large Molecules 1: Macromolecules Condensation/hydrolysis Carbohydrate function and general structure (one carbonyl group, several hydroxyl groups) Structural/optical isomers Straight chain/alpha and beta ring form of sugar monomers Glycosidic linkage in maltose and cellobiose Starch (amylose, glycogen) and cellulose Large Molecules 2: Nucleotides: phosphate, sugar (5’ and 3’ position), bases (pyrimidine–purine, G–C, A–T [U in RNA]) Orientation of polymerization Orientation of strands in DNA double helix, bonding of strands RNA versus DNA Lipids Fatty acids vs. fats/oils Saturated/unsaturated fatty acids Phospholipids and membrane properties
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3 Large Molecules 3: Amino acids (amino/carboxyl group) Orientation of polymerization Primary structure Types of amino acids (charged, polar, hydrophobic)
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