ch1 - B rit tany Sauer BIO 201 G12 Chapter One Study...

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Brittany Sauer BIO 201- G12Chapter One Study Questions- The Human Body: An Orientation1.Anatomy- studies the structure of body parts and their relationships to one another, concrete, can be seen, felt and examinedPhysiology- concerns the function of the body, how the body parts work and carry out their life-sustaining activitiesPhysiology is explainable only in terms of the underlying anatomy2.Gross (macroscopic) anatomy- the study of large body structures visible to the naked eye (heart, lungs) relates to the term anatomy most closelyRegional: all structures (muscle, bones) in a specific area studied togetherSystemic: structures studied by systemSurface: study of internal structures as they relate to the over lying skin surface (studying externally)Microscopic anatomy- deals with structures too small to be seen with the naked eyeCytology: considers the cells of the bodyHistology: study of tissuesDevelopmental anatomy- traces structural changes that occur in the body throughout the life span
5.Levels of Structural Organization
Organ- discrete structure composed of at least two tissue types that performs specific function for the body, extremely complex functions become possibleOrgan system- organs that work together to accomplish a common purpose, example: cardiovascular,

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