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Chapter 13 and 14 Compiled Notes

Chapter 13 and 14 Compiled Notes - Chapter 13 and 14...

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Chapter 13 and 14 Compiled Notes Chapter 13: Cultures Within Cultures 1. Assimilation a. Australia and Identity Politics i. Indigenous culture 1. Existed culture before colonized period ii. White Australia – abandoned in 1973, only allowed whites to immigrate to the land iii. After this movement, Australia moved to a policy of cultural freedom and diversity; became more accepting of different ethnicities and cultures iv. Now, however, Australia is “pushing back,” in hopes to retain their culture v. Chinese is the second most spoken language in Australia, Asian population accounts for 5% vi. Cultural freedom and diversity has not extended to government vii. “One Nation” – a political party that focuses on the immigration problem; White Australians are feeling threatened by the other cultures coming into their land viii. Australia has recently encouraged multiculturalism ix. They talk about values but stay away from race b. U.S. and Melting Pot Concept i. The melting pot concept was used to describe the ASSIMILATION of early immigrants into a homogenized United States (becoming Americanized) ii. Made up of groups from all over the world; relatively easy to obtain citizenship, just takes awhile iii. Not required to do a whole lot of stuff; ex. no conscription to military, etc. iv. Not necessarily required to become “model Americans” v. In the early 20 th century, immigrants from England, France, Germany, and Italy were encouraged to become “Americanized”; stopped speaking native languages, abandoned certain cultural aspects 1. Mostly European immigrants had goal to assimilate quickly vi. Pressure to become “Americanized” has diminished over time vii. Instead of the melting pot concept, people have suggested the symphony or a stew; many different musicians come together to make beautiful music, or many different ingredients go into the stew, but each contributes to the overall taste viii. Now stuff bars that: Modern communication. People can keep in touch with people from their homeland. And rapid transportation. People can visit their former homeland. ix. People no longer feel the need that they MUST assimilate into the U.S. culture; they can integrate and keep their own values as well as the U.S. values c. Post-Communist Russia as a Federation of Ethnicities i. Russian Federation is made up of 89 provinces ii. Agreements range from Total Subjugation (total control by Moscow) to total independents. iii. More independent provinces fly their own flags, own colors, have their own capitols with own governments. Promote use of own ethnic languages and practice their own religions. iv. Republics and Federations are splitting apart, not holding together. v. Communist ideology did not include religion or various languages
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