1-22 - Phil - January 22, 2010 Socratic Method Socrates...

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Phil - January 22, 2010 Socratic Method Socrates (-470 - -399) Contemporary of Greek playwrights Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes, as well as historians Herodotus and Thucydides Wrote nothing; appears as character in dialogues of Plato (427 – 347 BCE) First in West to advance philosophical arguments Socratic method ( dialectic ) Socrates asks what ___ is Someone answers Socrates analyzes the definition and asks questions to show that o It’s unclear o It’s too narrow o It’s too broad Someone proposes another definition, etc. Example: asking people what busses are or asking people what love is— very broad and typically people would get angry or frustrated What is a chair? Trying to define it: things satisfying our definition (things you sit on with a back) Are there things that are chairs that you sit on with or without a back? A couch, a bed, a person, benches, a stool, a toilet. Are these things chairs? Dictionary says: typically a four-legged piece of furniture meant for one
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1-22 - Phil - January 22, 2010 Socratic Method Socrates...

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