2-17 - Phil February 17, 2010 Carlyles Objection Thomas...

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Phil – February 17, 2010 Carlyle’s Objection Thomas Carlyle: “Pig Philosophy!” Utilitarianism: good = feeling good Mill’s 1830s Response The goal is to maximize the good for mankind as species This has two implications: o I can best do that by promoting my own good; we are all best off when each tends his own o I have reason to develop my capacities, my talents and my intellect; they produce benefits for mankind, not just for me. Qualities of pleasures Mill: pleasures differ in quality as well as quantity “It is better to be a human… Judging Quality Which pleasures are higher? See what the competent judges prefer Who is competent to judge? Those with experience of both Intellectual > social > sensual Bentham vs. Mill Bentham agrees that pleasures differ in quality: “In regard to well-being, quality as well as quantity requires to be taken into account.” He has an entire chapter on kinds of pleasures Bit Bentham thinks
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2-17 - Phil February 17, 2010 Carlyles Objection Thomas...

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