2-24 - Phil 301 Plato Internalism What is Knowledge...

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Phil 301 – February 24, 2010 Plato: Internalism What is Knowledge? Uncontroversially: o Knowledge implies truth I kow that it’s Monday it is Monday Almost uncontroversially: o Knowledge is a kind of belief o I know that it’s Monday I believe that it’s Monday Plato Knowledge = true belief? But a belief might be true accidentally Warrant Knowledge = Truth + Belief + ________ Call the property that has to be added to true belief to get knowledge warrant By definition: o Knowledge = warranted true belief Belief: Internal—the kind of mental state knowledge is Truth: External—connects that mental state to the world Is warrant internal or external? Internalism Warrant is internal We already know what kind of mental state knowledge is So, warrant must be a relation to other mental states Internalism : distinguish knowledge in terms of truth and things inside the mind: o The character of the state itself and o Its relations to other mental states
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