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2-26 - Phil Externalism Nyaya Problems with Internalism...

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Phil – February 26, 2010 Externalism: Nyaya Problems with Internalism Plato’s Dilemma for The Given If knowledge rests on a foundation of basic items, do we know them? If not, how can knowledge rest on the unknown? If so, how can they be justified and yet basic? Plato’s Argument If knowledge is justified true belief, it has a foundation justifying everything else Items in the foundation are not justified But they are know—more directly than anything else So, knowledge is not justified true belief Knowledge Justification The given is known But it’s not justified Three Options Classical Foundationalism : the given justify themselves o The given is self-evident; it justifies itself o Foundationalism You can know something only ifyou can justify your belief, that is, explain why it must be true Your explanation must rely on other things you know You must have explanations of them in terms of prior things yo know Regress stops: there must be a foundation of basic items (“the given”) known directly Direct Realism : sensations can justify knowledge without being knowledge o The given = sensation Coherentism:
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