3-3 - Phil March 3, 2010 Skepticism: the impossibility of...

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Phil – March 3, 2010 Skepticism : the impossibility of knowledge Skepticism Beliefs (in a certain area) are o Unjustified (target: internalism) o Unreliable (target: externalism) So, (a certain kind of) knowledge is impossible Extreme form: all beliefs are unjustified or unreliable; all knowledge is impossible Academic Skepticism Socrates: “All I know is that I know nothing.” o Contradicts itself Self-refuting? If you know nothing how can you know that? Perhaps this can be solved: “I know only this .” But how do you know it? If you infer it, you must know that it follows from something else you know Thesis and Recommendation “I know only this.” So what? Academic skeptics make recommendations Thesis: knowledge (of a certain kind) is impossible Recommendation: So, one ought to ___. Problem: How can the extreme skeptic get from the thesis to the recommendation? o
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2010 for the course PHIL 301 taught by Professor Bonevac during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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3-3 - Phil March 3, 2010 Skepticism: the impossibility of...

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