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Week+4+Tuesday - The Process of Birth Click to edit Master...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 11/17/10 The Process of Birth
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11/17/10 Birth Process Choices in childbirth: natural or prepared, use of medication, in a hospital or at home, who will be in the room? What happens during the birth process? What happens after the birth process? How Do Low Birth Weight And Preterm Infants Develop? What Happens During the Postpartum
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Click to edit Master subtitle style 11/17/10 Before the Birth: Choices in Childbirth
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11/17/10 Childbirth Setting And Attendants Childbirth setting and attendants 99% of U.S. births occur in hospital 91% of U.S. births attended by physician Helpers during birth process varies across cultures Some exclude fathers from process Some attended by family members or open to community
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11/17/10 Childbirth Setting And Attendants Midwives: norm in most of world 8% of U.S. births attended by midwives U.S. certified nurse midwives Spend more time with patients in prenatal visits Place emphasis on counseling and education Provide more emotional support to mother Are present during entire birth process U.S. “Medicalization” of birth
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11/17/10 Doulas Provide continuous physical, emotional, and educational support before, during, and after childbirth Most in U.S. work independently, typically function as part of ‘birthing team’ Childbirth Setting And Attendants
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11/17/10 Methods of Childbirth Methods of delivery: medications Analgesia: used to relieve pain (tranquilizers, barbiturates, and narcotics) Anesthesia: used in late first-stage labor and during expulsion to block sensation Epidural block: numbs from waist down Oxytocin: synthetic hormones used to stimulate contractions
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11/17/10 Methods of Childbirth Natural childbirth: attempts to reduce mother’s pain by decreasing fear Prepared childbirth (Lamaze method): similar to natural childbirth; special breathing technique used in final stages of labor Many techniques have been developed
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11/17/10 Methods of Childbirth Cesarean Delivery Baby removed from uterus through incision in abdomen when Baby is in breech or crosswise position Head too large for mother’s pelvis Vaginal bleeding has occurred in pregnancy 29.1% of U.S. births are C-sections
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11/17/10 Fathers or partners are more likely to Meet with obstetrician or caregiver Attend childbirth preparation classes; train as birthing coach Be involved in infant’s care after birth Family Involvement
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11/17/10 Siblings may be present at birth Involvement may enhance attachment to baby; child should not be forced to attend Fears of parents
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