chapter1 - Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne...

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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 1 Chapter 1 An Introduction to Psychology
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 1 Welcome to the Study of Psychology! The scientific study of behavior and mind Goals of modern psychology To identify the causes of normal behavior and mental processes To better treat abnormal thought and behavior To improve people’s lives
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 1 Can Psychology Be Truly Scientific? Human behavior difficult to predict precisely However: Governed by general principles Behavior multiply determined, by: Current environment Culture Genetics Moment-to-moment experiences That behavior is multiply determined leads to a focus on individual and cultural differences
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 1 What’s It For? Functional perspective -- purpose of behavior, mental processes Behavior and mind: tools helping us adapt and survive Example: How do you recognize and avoid danger? Understanding purpose of processes leads to better understanding of those processes
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 1 Defining and Describing Psychology: Learning Goals 1. Understand the modern definition of psychology. 2. Distinguish among clinical, applied, and research psychologists.
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 1 Definition of Psychology Root word: “Psyche” = Soul or breath (Greek) Scientific study of behavior and mind Scientific: Based on observation Behavior: Observable actions Mind: Subjective experiences such as thoughts, emotions can be observed and measured systematically
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 1 What Psychologists Do 3 main types of psychologists Clinical psychologists Applied psychologists Research psychologists
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 1 Clinical Psychologists Diagnose and treat psychological problems in clinics, private practice Clinical psychologists (Ph. D.; Psy. D.) Counseling psychologists (Ph. D.; Ed. D.) Focus on specific adjustment issues, e.g., marriage problems Psychiatrists (M. D.) Medical doctors specializing in psychological problems Can prescribe medications
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 1 Applied Psychologists Not involved with psychological disorders Apply psychology to practical problems in the
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chapter1 - Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne...

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