chapter8 - Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne...

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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 8 Chapter 8 Memory
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 8 What’s It For? Remembering and Forgetting Remembering Over the Short Term Storing Information for the Long Term Recovering Information With Cues Updating Memory
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 8 Memory: Overview Memory: The capacity to preserve and recover information Involves several important processes: Encoding: How memories are formed Storage: How memories are kept over time Retrieval: How memories are recovered and translated into performance
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 8
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 8 Remembering Over the Short Term: Learning Goals 1. Discuss how visual and auditory sensory memories can be measured. 2. Describe how information is represented, maintained, and forgotten over the short term.
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 8 Sensory Memory Exact replica of an environmental message which usually lasts for a second or less Iconic memory (vision) Echoic memory (hearing) Sperling’s procedure for measuring it: Show visual array very briefly, ask for partial report (just one row) Partial report much better than full report Efron’s observation: Sounds seem to linger
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 8
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 8 Short-Term Memory A system we use to temporarily store, think about, reason with information Also called “working memory”: a mental workspace The “inner voice” We tend to recode (translate) information into inner speech The “inner eye” We can also code information visually using images
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 8 Evidence For The Inner Voice And Inner Eye Inner voice: Mistakes made during short-term recall tend to sound like, but not look like, the correct items Example: Might mistake “B” for “V” Inner eye: Judgments made based on mental images are similar to those based on actual pictures
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 8 Short-Term Forgetting Can prolong short-term memories indefinitely through rehearsal (internal repetition) Without rehearsal, memories disappear after 1-2 seconds
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 8 What’s The Capacity Of Short-Term Memory? Memory span: Number of items that can be
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Elizabethcollins during the Fall '09 term at Indiana.

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chapter8 - Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne...

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