chapter11 - Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne...

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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 11 Chapter 11 Motivation and Emotion
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 11 What’s It For? Motivation and Emotion Activating Behavior Meeting Biological Needs Hunger and Eating Sexual Behavior Expressing and Experiencing Emotion
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 11 Activating Behavior: Learning Goals 1. Compare instinct and drive and their roles in activating behavior. 2. Understand incentive motivation and its role in activating behavior. 3. Compare achievement motivation and intrinsic motivation. 4. Describe Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 11 Instincts Unlearned characteristic patterns of responding triggered by specific external stimuli (e.g., nest building in birds) Important in animal behavior, but in humans? How many human instincts are there? How do we define them? Out of favor as an explanation for human behavior
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 11 Drives Psychological states that arise in response to internal physiological needs Examples: Hunger, thirst Homeostasis: Process through which body maintains a steady state Example: Important to maintain a constant internal temperature Reducing drive -> Restore homeostasis More flexible concept than instinct
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 11
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 11 Incentive Motivation External factors in the environment that exert “pulling” effects on our actions Example: Good grades motivate you to study Interact with internal factors An internal drive, such as hunger, can increase motivating effect of an incentive, such as a food reward
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 11 Achievement Motivation Internal drive or need for achievement, possessed by all individuals to varying degrees Reflected by how much a person values, needs individual achievement Affected by past experience Example: Effect of praise on children Some cultures value individual achievement more than others
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 11 Intrinsic Motivation Goal-directed behavior that seems to be entirely self-motivated Actions that are rewarding for their own sake Can actually be reduced by external rewards Example: Rewarding children for drawing makes drawing less intrinsically rewarding
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Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne Chapter 11 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Needs differ in origin: Some biological, some psychological Which ones come first? Maslow: Needs are prioritized
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 101 taught by Professor Elizabethcollins during the Fall '09 term at Indiana.

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chapter11 - Psychology, Fifth Edition, James S. Nairne...

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