Lecture Notes

Lecture Notes - History 2D Lecture Notes 03/04/2008...

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Unformatted text preview: History 2D Lecture Notes 03/04/2008 13:35:00 Thursday, April 3, 2008 Lecture 2 Magical thinking happens with effortless part of the mind Manipulate outcomes with this world, magical conception Todays Lecture: 1. I. Magic as foreign phenomenon 2. Greek roots of the modern tradition Pre-Socratic Philosophy Rhetoric, Reason and Democracy Materialism and Moral Philosophy 3. Christianity in Antiquity and Early Middle Ages Early Christianity and Pagan thought Patristic Fathers and Platonic Synthesis 4. Christianity and the High Middle Ages 12 th Century Intellectual Crisis Thomas Aquinas and Aristotelian Synthesis Autonomy, secularism-relates to philosophical way of pre-Socratic as nature as a natural phenomenon, not appealing to ghosts.., democratic types of government Western Occult Tradition: Magic as foreign influence Esoteric Christianity, Templars Kabala Gnosticism: Christian and Manichean Babylonian and Egyptian Astrology Indian Asceticism and Mysticism Magii, Medieval Tarot, Numerology Emphasis on purification Isolation, altered state Magic most secretive, most occult, most institutionalized, very eclectic, eternal order, source Antiquity Alchemy, interpret alternative worldview, cant go to Catholic Orthodoxy, goes to hidden foreign sources Greek Mysticism Pythagorous Mathematical Magic (visited Egypt) Mathematikoi-his followers The world is numbers, Princlples of mathematics are the ultimate principle of nature Pythagorean theorem Leader of mystery cult To become follower, secret oaths Deeper reality, through mind Describes nature as deeper principle mathematically Hard to predict, so mystical, but mathematical so precise Courage, justice.. etc. have mathematical properties Not just quantitative, qualitative Physical as well as metaphysical Plato (428-438 BCE) Doctrine of Ideal Forms o Material form is only the specific and flawed instance of the ideal What we see around us: water bottle, dog World has not addressed issue of how things take form, atoms combine and take shape Without dna he proposed that ideal forms impart the knowledge matter and identity Physical objects have spiritual identities that are formal, created by God, key of Christianity-have immortal soul Totality, God is potential, created form, once form equals something, essence of the good equals God Pagan interpretation saw figures Plato has moral God with principles of good o Realm of Forms has a hierarchical order Lower forms derive from higher forms Principles of good comes lesser..bravery, initiative, etc.Principles of good comes lesser....
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course HIST History 2D taught by Professor Meranze,m. during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Lecture Notes - History 2D Lecture Notes 03/04/2008...

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